Diabetes and Periodontitis - Highlights
Periodontitis refers to the inflammation of the supporting periodontal tissues surrounding the tooth. It is caused by specific groups of micro-organisms and results in progressive destruction of the periodontal fibers and the alveolar bone.
There is a growing body of evidence to implicating a two way relationship between periodontitis and diabetes. That is,
hyperglycemia could influence progression of periodontal disease and
chronic periodontitis could affect glycemic control.
📝Here are some "Highlights" or a high level overview of Diabetes and Periodontitis - the two way relationship
Individuals with diabetes have a 3 fold increased risk of developing periodontal disease.
Poorly controlled diabetes affects how periodontal tissues respond to local factors like plaque (refer video below), thereby creating an environment conducive for the development of the disease.
Neutrophils in diabetics have defective adherence, chemotaxis and phagocytosis.
Accumulation of advanced glycation end products abbreviated as AGEs, is one of the most important reasons for increased periodontal disease risk in diabetes patients.
Chronic periodontitis has the potential to increase insulin resistance by nature of its inflammatory profile.
🎥 Preview Video!
🎥Basics - Structure and formation of dental plaque
🔎You could dig deeper into the topic
In fact, we delve a lot more deeper into this topic in our cheatsheet/note -> Diabetes and Periodontitis - the two way relationship. We talk about,
Diabetes’ effect on progression of periodontitis
Altered immuno-inflammatory response
Advanced Glycation End products (AGEs)
How periodontitis affects glycemic control
You could read in detail about Diabetes and Periodontitis - the two way relationship with our Revision Ninja - Oral Pathology and Medicine Course bundle!
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